Virtual Volumes provide a great many benefits, some large, some small. Depending on the VM, recovering a deleted VM could be either of those.
With traditional VMFS, once you have selected “delete from disk” restoring that VM could have been a process. Either restoring from backup or hoping you had a snapshot of the VMFS on the array. Either way, you are probably going to incur data loss, as the last backup or snapshot is unlikely to be from the time right before the deletion.
Let me be VERY clear here. Regardless to the rest of this post, I am not saying once you move to VVols you do not need backup! You absolutely still do. VVols just give you a nice way to do an immediate recovery of the latest point-in-time without having to lose anything, assuming your array support it.
“Wait, did you say delete VM “AD” or VM “80”?”
“Um… definitely not AD that’s our active directory…”
Continue reading Recovering a Deleted Virtual Machine with VVols
As you might have noticed vSphere 6.5 Update 1 just came out (7/27/2017) and there are quite a few enhancements and fixes. I will be blogging about these in subsequent posts, but there is one that I wanted to specifically and immediately call out now.
Round Robin and IO Operations Limit of 1 is now default in ESXi for the Pure Storage FlashArray! This means that you no longer need to create a custom SATP rule when provisioning a new host or adding your first FlashArray into an existing environment. Continue reading NMP Multipathing rules for the FlashArray are now default
Just recently, Rubrik announced their integration with the FlashArray to help backup virtual machines and avoid the common performance penalty incurred during VMware snapshot consolidation. See their announcement here.
Continue reading Rubrik and FlashArray Integration: Why it matters.
This is a blog post I have been waiting to write for quite some time. I cannot even remember exactly how long ago I saw Satyam Vaghani present on this as a concept at VMworld. Back when the concept of what is now called a protocol endpoint (more on that later) was called an I/O Demultiplexer. A mouthful for sure. Finally it’s time! With pleasure, I’d like to introduce VVols on the FlashArray!
Continue reading Introducing vSphere Virtual Volumes on the FlashArray
So over the past two years or so I have been talking up vRealize Orchestrator quite a bit. And a fair amount of that conversation was based on the eventual usage of vRealize Automation. While I certainly feel vRA is a GREAT use case for vRO, the usefulness of vRO does not in any way require vRA.
A common question I get is, “hey can you add this feature to the official FlashArray Plugin?”. The answer is often “maybe” or “eventually” but sometimes even “no”. The plugin is centered at the satisfying the majority and therefore sometimes does not exactly meet your requirements.
So with these two things in mind, what is the connection? Well, using vRO (which is FREE when you have vCenter) you can easily build your own. Especially when you install the FlashArray vRO plugin.
I see a couple advantages here:
- Start learning vRO. Using default workflows so you don’t have to “code” anything. Then start with some more customization as you become familiar.
- Provide tailored workflows in the vSphere Web Client
- Interface-agnostic workflows. As you move forward and use the HTML-5 interface, or vRA you don’t have to redo your work.
Continue reading Building your own Web Client Plugin with vRO
A customer pinged me the other day and said they could not see a volume on their ESXi host. Running ESXi version 6.5. All of the normal stuff checked out, but the volume was nowhere to be seen. What gives? Well it turned out to be the LUN ID was over 255 and ESXi couldn’t see it. Let me explain.
The TLDR is ESXi does not support LUN IDs above 255 for your average device.
*It’s not actually aliens, it is perfectly normal SCSI you silly man.
Continue reading ESXi and the Missing LUNs: 256 or Higher
I updated my UNMAP PowerCLI script a month or so ago and improved quite a few things–but I did remove hard-coded variables and replaced it with interactive input. Which is fine for some, but for many it was not.
Note: Move to VMFS-6 in vSphere 6.5 and you don’t have to worry about this UNMAP business anymore 🙂
Essentially, quite a few people want to run it as a scheduled task in Windows, and if it requires input that just isn’t going to work out of the box. So I have created an unattended version of the script. For details read on.
Note: I will continue to update the script (bugs, features, etc.) but will note them on my other blog post about the script here:
Pure Storage FlashArray UNMAP PowerCLI Script for VMware ESXi
I will only update this post if the unattended version changes in a way that makes these instructions wrong. Continue reading Unattended VMFS UNMAP Script
The FlashArray Storage Replication Adapter for VMware Site Recovery Manager supports many:many replication since the 2.0 release of the SRA. Use of test failover, failover and reprotect is no different than with 1:1, and nor is the setup of the volumes. The only real difference is how you configure the array managers in SRM. So let’s review how this is done.
Continue reading Multi-site FlashArray Configuration with Site Recovery Manager
So a few updates. I just updated my vSphere Best Practices guide and it can be found here:
Download Best Practices Guide PDF
I normally do not create a blog post about updating the guide, but this one was a major overhaul and I think is worth mentioning. Furthermore, there are a few documents I have written and published that I want to mention.
- FlashArray Plugin for vRealize Orchestrator User Guide
- Implementing FlashArray in a vRealize Private Cloud
Continue reading Documentation Update, Best Practices and vRealize
This is the second part of this post. In the first post, I explained the fix and how it affected Windows. In this post, we will overview how the change affects Linux-based virtual machines. See the original post here:
In-Guest UNMAP Fix in ESXi 6.5 Part I: Windows
I posted about In-Guest UNMAP with Linux VMs in this post:
What’s new in ESXi 6.5 Storage Part I: UNMAP
One thing you can note is that automatic UNMAP works quite well, but manual UNMAP, like fstrim did not. So let’s revisit fstrim now that this patch is out. Continue reading In-Guest UNMAP Fix in ESXi 6.5 Part II: Linux