Troubleshooting a Pure1 Connection with the vSphere Plugin

In the 4.2.0 release of the vSphere Plugin, we added Pure1 integration which provided additional insight into your Pure Storage and vSphere Environment. In order to use this though, you need to connect the plugin with Pure1 of course. The authentication method is based on a process which involves something called a JSON Web Token. This is a secure option, but a bit more involved than a user name and password. I made the process of generating this fairly easy, but if something goes wrong you get a fun error message like below:


Image result for what in god's holy name are you blathering about

So we are working on improving the error handling directly in the plugin for Pure1 authentication (which was a major oversight on my part). In the meantime, let’s troubleshoot.

Verify Network Connectivity

This is really step one. Does your vCenter have TCP port 443 access to

SSH into vCenter and run:

nc 443 -zv

If this fails, you know that there is a network problem.

Verify the JWT

Okay if that is good it is probably something to do with your JWT. Before you walk through this (though it is pretty quick), make sure you have removed all white space from your JWT (like new lines ) by pasting it into notepad or something and making it one line.

If that doesn’t fix the problem, move forward:

1). SSH into a Linux host (or, ideally, your vCenter)

2). Store the JWT into a variable in bash:

 JWT=eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsI<etc. etc. etc.>EopDv-A

If it throws an error, make sure there are no spaces between the around the equals sign (so JWT=ey…. not JWT = ey…..). You can verify it looks good by running:

echo $JWT

3). Paste the entire thing below with no changes in and hit enter:

curl -X POST "" -H "accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded" -d "grant_type=urn%3Aietf%3Aparams%3Aoauth%3Agrant-type%3Atoken-exchange&subject_token=$JWT&subject_token_type=urn%3Aietf%3Aparams%3Aoauth%3Atoken-type%3Ajwt"

If there is something wrong with the JWT you will see it here:

In this case you will see a very clear error:

{"error":"unauthorized_client","error_description":"Invalid issuer: JWT validation failed. JWT expired at 2019-12-08T01:44:17Z. Current time: 2019-12-08T02:28:17Z, a difference of 2640636 milliseconds.  Allowed clock skew: 0 milliseconds."}

Pretty straight forward–the JWT expired. You can see the full set of error codes here.

Note if you add:

 -o /dev/null -w "\nError Code: %{http_code} \n\n" -s

to the end of your command the curl response will just show the Pure1 error code:

If you want to keep using CURL…

If authentication works, we will see something like the below after sending the JWT.

curl -X POST "" -H "accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded" -d "grant_type=urn%3Aietf%3Aparams%3Aoauth%3Agrant-type%3Atoken-exchange&subject_token=$JWT&subject_token_type=urn%3Aietf%3Aparams%3Aoauth%3Atoken-type%3Ajwt"


If you want to play with the Pure1 REST you can take the access token and add “Authorization: Bearer ” before it and pull information from Pure1. This would be a GET on arrays for instance:

AUTH="Authorization: Bearer eyJraWQiOiJNZjhyK3JlTTZ6blIrS2NkbzM1d1pkZ3dnS2I2IiwidHlwIjoiSldUIiwiYWxnIjoiUlMyNTYifQ.eyJhdWQiOiJwdWJsaWMtYXBpIiwic3ViIjoiMjczNDYiLCJyb2xlIjoiUFVSRSIsIm1heF9yb2xlIjoiYWRtaW4iLCJvcmciOjMyMzYsInBoX29pZCI6MTA4MzYsInBoX3VpZCI6MCwiaXNzIjoiaHR0cHM6Ly90ZXguY2xvdWQtc3VwcG9ydC5wdXJlc3RvcmFnZS5jb20iLCJpYXQiOjE1NzU3NzEwMTksImV4cCI6MTU3NTgwNzAxOSwianRpIjoiODViYzg1MDQtYzk1NC00OWUwLWIxNGItZjJhNzAxMjUzYmZlIn0.jgdWTjAJ-QCn2ZpVUk3wUlP2zUspf8JKPQtBDIgoKQEBA1cUHY_DEOu2QFzwaaPHqDcFhcBzLoY9o5XT00i1WrHk2N40_cRlVrYnu5wwWQaz9E4hJ9LzORtjMXyWV4GbRnnWhTmBO01NO-weXC0CGe6wn6qiHg--NiGFiGorHle2Yz0SRRIUpcBwcNnySK-TyvCGwXYRmRFNIrMsva87UxZhoJJ5UoNpjx3B8Z9gdweC7m4Uj3RmRqwZycecZ1fre-BAvLxVRuyDOfX0MhF6p-Ua836y7zrePjHiPd4EpoVdkq2wom4WZBccY_rhm-zGtgKVQJJAS5tC71DjciQVwg"

curl -H "${AUTH}" -H 'Content-Type: application/json'

{"total_item_count":16,"continuation_token":null,"items":[{"id":"0cb3faec-8246-4159-9bfa-dbfccd2df510","name":"sn1-m20-c08-17","model":"FA-m20r2","os":"Purity//FA","version":"5.3.1","_as_of":1575771331000},{"id":"1037b35f-d0ef-40a5-9a43-ce013dae9f13","name":"sn1-x70-b05-33","model":"FA- <etc........>

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